What is Body Language? : What are the types and kinds of Body language?

What is Body Language? : What are the types and kinds of Body language?



What is Body Language? : What are the types and kinds of Body language?

Body language is a sort of nonverbal communication when information is expressed or conveyed via bodily behaviors rather than words. Face expressions, body posture, gestures, eye movement, touch, and use of space are examples of this type of behavior.

Understanding the fundamentals of body language analysis and calibrating your internal observer to a sensitive level are essential for spotting a fake friend. Let’s start by taking a look at the 4 types of Body Language.

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To help you comprehend body language, let’s look at its four main Types.

 Type 1: Upward, light, animated-

You have a buoyant, springy gait when you move. You move around a lot while sitting and standing, frequently changing positions. Because you find it difficult to remain still or concentrate on one subject for an extended period of time, you may come off as restless and fidgety to others. You frequently sit on the floor or in great comfort with your legs crossed.

Type 2: Fluid, flowing, soft

You stroll with elegance and ease. You move more slowly and keep your feet planted firmly on the ground. Your steps are incredibly smooth and flowing, without any bounce. You hold your head to the side when sitting and standing in an S-curve or with a relaxed bend.

Type 3: Active, reactive, Substantial

You move with purpose as you walk, planting your feet firmly and moving quickly. You may be heard approaching from afar. Due to your intentional movement, others can even hear you as you sit. When you stand and sit, you make angles. Legs crossed, one leg raised beneath you, cocked head, hands on waist, or torso bowed at the waist.

Type 4: Bold, constant, still

You have a very erect, motionless, and majestic gait, and your body and limbs barely move. You also sit very straight, with your back straight, your feet flat on the floor, and your hands folded or by your sides. With a formal appearance, your sitting and standing might be deemed suitable.

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What are the Kinds of Body language?

The many different types of nonverbal communication or body language include:

  1. Facial expressions.
  2. Body movement and posture.
  3. Gestures.
  4. Eye contact.
  5. Touch.
  6. Space.
  7. Voice.

Facial expressions –

A facial expression is made up of one or more movements or facial muscle postures. These motions are said to reveal an individual’s emotional condition to onlookers. Nonverbal communication can also take the shape of facial expressions.

The human face is incredibly expressive and can silently reflect a wide range of emotions. Facial expressions are also ubiquitous, in contrast to other nonverbal communication techniques. In many cultures, people show happiness, sadness, anger, surprise, fear, and contempt with the same facial expressions.

Body movement and posture –

Gestures, bearing, stance, posture, head and hand motions, and whole-body movements are all examples of body movements. Body language may be used to emphasize or support what is being said, as well as to convey a person’s feelings and attitudes.
The world can learn a lot about you by the way you walk and carry yourself.

Voice –

Not only what you say matters, but also how you say it. People listen to your words while you talk, but they also “read” your voice. They pay attention to your speech patterns, tempo, volume, tone, intonation, and noises like “ahh” and “uh-huh” that indicate understanding. Consider the different emotions that your voice may convey, such as sarcasm, wrath, tenderness, or confidence.

Moreover, everyone pays attention to the timing and pace of a speech. Your voice tone and inflection, how loud you speak, it all matters. So, use your tone of language appropriately to indicate sarcasm, anger, affection, or confidence.

Gestures –

Our daily lives are made up of gestures in one way or another. A gesture is a movement you make with a body part, often your hands, to convey information or emotion.

When debating or speaking animatedly, you could wave, point, call, or use your hands; you frequently communicate yourself by gestures without giving them any thought. However, among cultures, some gestures might have completely diverse meanings.

Eye contact –

When two people gaze directly into one other’s eyes, they are making eye contact. Eye contact is a nonverbal communication method used by humans that has a significant impact on social behavior.

Eye contact is a particularly significant kind of nonverbal communication since it is the most common sensory preference for most people. Looking at someone can convey a variety of emotions, such as attention, affection, hatred, or attraction. Maintaining eye contact is crucial for the flow of the discussion as well as for determining the other person’s level of attention and response.

Touch –

The interactions between people continue throughout our lives. Human contact helps you develop your immune system, fight infections, and maintain healthy sleep and digestion even as an adult. To comprehend or appreciate anything, one should handle or feel something softly. I enjoyed touching the silky silk.
Consider the extremely different meanings conveyed by, for instance, a shaky handshake, a bear embrace, a condescending pat on the head, or a tight grasp on the arm.

Space –

Have you ever experienced awkwardness during a discussion because the other person was encroaching on your personal space? Although our needs for physical space vary based on culture, circumstance, and the depth of the connection, they are all there. Nonverbal indications of closeness and affection, hostility, and dominance may all be conveyed through the usage of physical space.

How do we make the difference between genuine and fake body language?


The answer is very simple: People who are faking it will have inconsistencies. As an example, take someone that walks into a room with a bumped chest and try to take as much space around them as they can.

So far, this would logically indicate strong self-confidence. But, this is only one of the many elements of body language. That’s why it’s important to analyze the rest of their behavior and not judge based on only one element.

There are several body language cues that someone is paying attention to what you’re saying. They are listening if they are leaning toward you and turning their head and torso in your direction.

Other encouraging behaviors include nodding, sitting with their arms and legs relaxed, and turning their ear in your direction.

Negative body language is the deliberate or unconscious use of physical gestures to communicate negative emotions. Negative body language is either a conscious or unconscious expression of sadness, anger, nervousness, impatience, boredom, or lack of confidence.
Negative body language is a type of nonverbal indication that can undermine your credibility and impact. Others may be offended or even injured by your gestures, facial expressions, and postures. Your Negative body language may be limiting your potential to be productive, and you may be unaware of it.
You don’t want people to get the wrong impression of you. As a result, you must learn how to control your quiet signals. Here are some ways for avoiding negative body language.

1. Don’t fidget! Shifting your position when seated tells people immediately that you’re uncomfortable. Plant your feet flat on the ground, stop moving and sit tight.

2. Keep your head up Take care with your head position. When you tilt your head down and lower your eyes you appear submissive. Holding your head high and ‘standing tall’ communicates confidence.

3. Face the other person If you turn your body away – with your shoulder facing the other person rather than the front of you body – you come across as awkward. Face them almost square on and avoid having your arms across your body. If you’re exactly square on to them it can come across as confrontational.

4. Don’t touch yourself! When you rub or scratch your body you’re virtually screaming ‘I’m nervous’. These are self-comforting gestures controlled by your unconscious mind and designed to pacify you when you’re stressed. In particular, avoid touching your face or rubbing your neck.

5. Hold strong eye contact How long you look at someone is an indicator of status – dominant individuals tend to make longer and stronger eye contact. If you look away too soon you’ll be perceived as weak – but at the same time, you don’t want to stare people down.

6. Stand still Shuffling from one foot to another – especially when giving presentations or speaking in public – shows you’re unsettled. Standing still shows you’re ‘grounded’ and comfortable.

7. Get your handshake right Many people have strong opinions on handshakes. Get yours wrong and you’ll have problems. If it’s weak – a dead fish – others will think you’re weak. If there’s too much pressure – you’re a crusher – others will think you’re compensating for a sense on inferiority.

8. Leave your hair alone Fiddling and fussing with your hair, or running your fingers through it like a brush, conveys insecurity – and is a lot more common in women than men, perhaps because their hair is more typically longer.

9. Don’t tug at your collar or cuffs Some men – including Prince Charles of the United Kingdom – betray their nerves by tugging at their cuffs or collar, or by incessantly adjusting their tie. Check these areas just once, then leave them alone.

10Avoid jingling coins or keys in your pocket Putting your hands in your pockets when you have coins or keys there can lead you to jingling or jangling them, which can be distracting and once again suggests that you’re uncomfortable.

Positive body language is a sort of nonverbal communication that places us at ease, with likeability, and dignity. It is also known as open body language, and it allows us to be approachable and open to others, making them feel at ease during encounters or exchanges.

What is the difference between positive and negative body language?

People use both positive and negative body language at various times. However, not every physical movement a person takes is an example of body language. While crossing your arms is a kind of negative body language, it might also be a symptom of being cold.

Furthermore, don’t rely on specific behaviors as signs of body language; it’s more useful to have a basic picture of the person’s conduct. The more you know about the individual beforehand, the easier it is to understand their body language.

Positive body language has the power to create relationships, Negative body language has the power to break them.

Below are some examples of both Positive body language :

  1. Open hands with palms facing up
  2. Standing up straight
  3. contact
  4. Nodding or tilting the head to the side
  5. Smiling
  6. Firm handshake
  7. Leaning in while speaking (and listening).

Below are some examples of both Negative body language

  • Minimal facial expressions
  • Rapid blinking
  • Lip biting or pursed lips
  • Head in hands
  • Crossed arms
  • Crossed legs away from a person
  • Hands-on hips
  • Rapid finger tapping or fidgeting

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